controlled by the state; the Reich Press Chamber shut down or bought newspapers and publishing. Hitler's leadership style was to give contradictory orders to his subordinates and to place them in positions where their duties and responsibilities overlapped. It allowed for the expropriation of privately owned land to create nature preserves and aided in long-range planning. Contents Name Further information: Reich The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Großdeutsches Reich from 1943 to 1945, while common English terms are "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich". One in four of the Soviet population were killed or wounded. "Nevertheless, the available evidence suggests that, on the whole, ordinary Germans did not approve. The party line was that the Jews were the instigators of the partisan struggle and therefore needed to be eliminated. Attempts to assassinate Hitler resumed in earnest in 1943, with Henning von Tresckow joining Oster's group and attempting to blow up Hitler's plane in 1943. Several more attempts followed before the failed plot, which was at least partly motivated by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war. Such far-right armed groups were common in Bavaria, and were tolerated by the sympathetic far-right state government of Gustav Ritter von Kahr. Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust. In occupied Serbia, 1,000 to 12,000 Romani were killed, while nearly all 25,000 Romani living in the Independent State of Croatia were killed. Health Statues representing the ideal body were erected in the streets of Berlin for the 1936 Summer Olympics. In many areas, people surrendered to the approaching Allies in spite of exhortations of local leaders to continue to fight. In Egypt, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 's Afrika Korps were defeated by British forces under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery in October 1942. Hitler thus became head of state as well as head of government and was formally named as Führer und Reichskanzler Leader and Chancellor although eventually Reichskanzler was dropped. Many of the same people were involved in a coup planned for 1940, but again the participants changed their minds and backed down, partly because of the popularity of the regime after the early victories in the war. Career and educational opportunities for women were curtailed.